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Home Archive of journals Issue 1(33) 2019 Arctic transport routes on land, in water and air areas

ARCTIC TRANSPORT ROUTES ON LAND, IN WATER AND AIR AREAS

JOURNAL: 2019, 1(33), p. 6-20

RUBRIC: Economics and management in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation

AUTHORS: Gruzinov V.M., Zvorykina Y.V., Ivanov G.V., Sychev Y.F., Tarasova O.V., Filin B.N.

ORGANIZATIONS: N. N. Zubovs State Oceanographic Institute, Institute of Researches and Expertise of Vnesheconombank, Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nuclear Safety Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2019-1-6-20

UDC: 656.02; 656.078

The article was received on: 27.11.2018

Keywords: Arctic Ocean, Belkomur, icebreaker, oil, Northern Sea Route, Northern Latitudinal Railway, tanker, shelf

Bibliographic description: Gruzinov V.M., Zvorykina Y.V., Ivanov G.V., Sychev Y.F., Tarasova O.V., Filin B.N. Arctic transport routes on land, in water and air areas. The Arctic: ecology and economy, 2019, no. 1(33), pp. 6-20. DOI:10.25283/2223-4594-2019-1-6-20. (In Russian).


ANNOTATION:

The issues of transport development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF) are considered. The development of the mineral and natural resources of this zone requires the creation of a transport system with access to the main transport routes — the Northern Sea Route and the Trans-Siberian Railway. Therefore, the construction projects of the new railway routes Belkomur and the Northern Latitudinal Railway go far beyond the regional projects. Along with projects of the Arctic ports modernization on the Northern Sea Route, the renewal of the aircraft fleetand construction of the airports and the traditional use of the internal waterways possibilities, the new transport system will allow increasing overall performance of the new industrial complexes created in the Arctic. This system will ensure the enterprises functioning in the eastern sector of the Russian Arctic; will allow organizing permanently the northern delivery.The analysis of the current state of transport routes of the AZRF conducted in the article shows the main directions of their development and further use. The problem of using the possibilities of the Northern Sea Route in its eastern part to the east of the Severnaya Zemlya Islands is of particular interest. The article touches upon the perspective development of new aircraft and large icebreakers.


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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594