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TERRITORIAL PROTECTION OF RARE AND ENDANGEREDPLANT SPECIES IN THE ARCTIC ZONE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATIONJOURNAL: 2019, ¹1(33), p. 61-70
AUTHORS: Prisyazhnaya A.A., Kruglova S.A., Khrisanov V.R., Snakin V.V.
ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Basic Biological Problems of the RAS, Lomonosov Moscow State University
The article was received on: 09.11.2018
Keywords: ecological mapping, the Red Book of the Russian Federation, rare and endangered species, specially protected natural areas
Bibliographic description: Prisyazhnaya A.A., Kruglova S.A., Khrisanov V.R., Snakin V.V. Territorial protection of rare and endangeredplant species in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The Arctic: ecology and economy, 2019, no. 1(33), pp. 61-70. DOI:10.25283/2223-4594-2019-1-61-70. (In Russian).
The best way to preserve the diversity of rare and endangered biological species is to include their habitats in specially protected natural areas. The paper assesses the degree of territorial protection of all 76 plant species listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation that inhabit the Russian Arctic zone. As a result of the analysis, it is determined that 17% of the “Red Book” plant species are in dire need of territorial protection, 9% of which require primary measures of protection, and 8% require targeted searches for exact habitats. For 22% of the “Red Book” plant species, additional protection measures are needed on the territory of the Russian Arctic. The representativeness of the Russian Arctic protected areas in relation to the plant species listed in the RF Red Book generally makes 61%. The article presents maps of the current network of protected federal and regional areas of the Russian Arctic Zone. At present, the area of protected federal and regional territories makes 13.7% of the Russian Arctic Zone, of which 5.3% are federal protected territories, and 8.4% are regional ones. For Russia as a whole, these figures are slightly lower (10.0%, 3.4% and 6.6%, respectively). In order to preserve properly plant species listed in the RF Red Book it is recommended that at least 5 additional territorial sites are to be included in the current system of specially protected natural territories of the Russian Arctic. Three of them are located in the Chukotka Autonomous Region and by ones in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. The implementation of these proposals will contribute to the preservation of the natural diversity of the country and the planet as a whole, since in some cases we are talking about the preservation of species found only in Russia.
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