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Home Archive of journals Issue 3(31) 2018 Verification studies on a methodology for constructing underground complexes to dispose small nuclear power plants in the Arctic conditions

VERIFICATION STUDIES ON A METHODOLOGY FOR CONSTRUCTING UNDERGROUND COMPLEXES TO DISPOSE SMALL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS IN THE ARCTIC CONDITIONS

JOURNAL: 2018, 3(31), p. 123-136

RUBRIC: New technologies for the Arctic

AUTHORS: Melnikov N.N., Gusak S.A., Amosov P.V., Naumov V.A., Naumov A.V., Orlov A.O., Klimin S.G., Smirnov Y.G.

ORGANIZATIONS: Mining Institute of the Kola Science Center of RAS

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-3-123-136

UDC: 622.012:621.311:658.261

The article was received on: 05.06.2018

Keywords: Arctic regions, low-power nuclear power plants, cryolithic zone, spent nuclear fuel (SNF), underground complexes, thermal effect

Bibliographic description: Melnikov N.N., Gusak S.A., Amosov P.V., Naumov V.A., Naumov A.V., Orlov A.O., Klimin S.G., Smirnov Y.G. Verification studies on a methodology for constructing underground complexes to dispose small nuclear power plants in the Arctic conditions. The Arctic: ecology and economy, 2018, no. 3(31), pp. 123-136. DOI:10.25283/2223-4594-2018-3-123-136. (In Russian).


ANNOTATION:

The remote Russian Arctic territories containing significant national mineral resources are experiencing an acute lack of energy for the development. Almost absent or underdeveloped energy infrastructure is one of the main reasons why, in particular, promising projects for the development of unique gold, non-ferrous and rare-earth metal deposits are still not implemented. A real feasible solution to the problem of energy supply to remote areas is the use of small nuclear power plants (SNPP) as autonomous energy sources. The need to approach the autonomous energy sources to consumers causes additional requirements to reduce the risks of SNPP’s radiation impact on the environment and population. The integrated safety of nuclear energy sources, including the localization of possible internal incidents and protection from external dynamic man-made and natural effects, can be assuredly ensured with the underground deployment of reactor plants. The article presents the results of integrated studies on the development of scientific and engineering foundations for construction of underground complexes for the deployment of small nuclear power plants in the Russian Arctic hard rock massifs. The prerequisites for using the SNPPs to ensure the energy security of remote and hard-to-reach territories of Russia’s Arctic regions are briefly considered. On the basis of numerical modeling of physical processes associated with the exploitation of underground small nuclear power plants, the methodological approaches have been tested and recommendations have been formulated to optimize the design and volume-layout solutions of underground complexes. Based on the solution of problems related to the development of structural and volume-layout models of chamber workings for the placement of the main SNPP equipment, the main provisions of the methodology for the construction of the underground complexes in the Arctic regions are formulated.


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© 2011-2019 The Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594