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Home Archive of journals Issue 4(28) 2017 Evaluations of the frequency pollution trends of the atmosphere of the regions of the Russian Arctic in the 21st century

EVALUATIONS OF THE FREQUENCY POLLUTION TRENDS OF THE ATMOSPHERE OF THE REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC IN THE 21ST CENTURY

JOURNAL: 2017, 4(28), p. 59-71

RUBRIC: Research activities in the Arctic

AUTHORS: Makosko A.A., Matesheva A.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: A.M.Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2017-4-59-71

UDC: 551.51+504.3.054

The article was received on: 10.09.2017

Keywords: Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, long-range impurity transport, air pollution, pollution indices, climate changes, coupled equation, impurity transport equation, Arctic zone of the Russian Federation

Bibliographic description: Makosko A.A., Matesheva A.V. Evaluations of the frequency pollution trends of the atmosphere of the regions of the Russian Arctic in the 21st century. The Arctic: ecology and economy, 2017, no. 4(28), pp. 59-71. DOI:10.25283/2223-4594-2017-4-59-71. (In Russian).


ANNOTATION:

A study was made of the features of the dynamics of long-range pollution in the regions of the Russian Arctic in the current situation, in the short and long term, taking into account the changing climate. A methodical approach to the assessment of trends in long-range atmospheric pollution for specified ecologically significant zones is formulated, taking into account the predicted climatic changes. A mathematical model that realizes this approach has been developed, and calculations of the introduced zonal and meridional pollution indices describing the amount of transported impurities in the latitudinal and meridian directions for January, April, July, October and year for the period 1980—2050 have been performed. The obtained results of calculations indicate, in general, quite definite tendencies of long-term atmospheric pollution: for some strengthening in 2020—2050. in comparison with the period 1980—2015. the contribution of the west-eastern impurity transport to atmospheric pollution over the Kola Peninsula and Taimyr Peninsula. These results are important for the development of proposals for ensuring the environmental safety of the Russian Arctic and planning for the economic development of the country’s territories that affect the pollution of the Arctic regions. In particular, the relevance of controlling transboundary air pollution from the nearest European countries is increasing.


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© 2011-2019 The Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594